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Ashur Rides the Velvet Revolution

“I am declaring a start of a peaceful, velvet revolution in Armenia,” opposition MP Nikol Pashinyan told protesters in central Yerevan, many of whom were young people with no affiliation to a political party.
Ashur Velvet
And as he was Worshipping, in his house, Nasarach his ancestor; Adramelech and Sarousar his sons smote him with their swords; and, they having made their escape to Armenia, Asardan his son reigned in his stead. Isa 37:37 (Thomson)

Armenia protests spread, as does police crackdown

"This is why you see so many young people out there - they have nothing to lose."
Joshua Kucera Apr 20, 2018

Armenia and the Chaldean’s

H780 אֲרָרַט 'Ararat (ar-aw-rat') n/l.

Ararat (or rather Armenia).

[of foreign origin]
KJV: Ararat, Armenia.
אֲרָרַט
’ărâraṭ
BDB Definition:
Ararat = “the curse reversed: precipitation of curse”
1) a mountainous region of eastern Armenia, between the river Araxes and the lakes Van and Oroomiah, the site where Noah’s ark came to rest
2) (TWOT) the mountain where Noah’s ark came to rest
Part of Speech: noun proper locative
A Related Word by BDB/Strong’s Number: of foreign origin
Same Word by TWOT Number: 169
Total KJV Occurrences: 4
ararat, 2
Gen 8:4, Jer 51:27
armenia, 2
2Ki 19:37, Isa 37:38
And it came to pass, as he was worshipping in the house of Nisroch his god, that Adrammelech and Sharezer his sons smote him with the sword: and they escaped into the land of Armenia. And Esarhaddon his son reigned in his stead. (2Kgs 19:37, AKJV)
And it came to pass, as he was worshipping in the house of Nisroch his god, that Adrammelech and Sharezer his sons smote him with the sword; and they escaped into the land of Armenia: and Esarhaddon his son reigned in his stead. (Isa 37:38, AKJV)

Armenian | people

britannica.com · by Written By: The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica See Article HistoryArmenian, Armenian Hay, plural Hayq or Hayk, member of a people with an ancient culture who originally lived in the region known as Armenia, which comprised what are now northeastern Turkey and the Republic of Armenia. Although some remain in Turkey, more than three million Armenians live in the republic; large numbers also live in Azerbaijan, Georgia, and other areas of the Caucasus and the Middle East. Many other Armenians have migrated to Europe and North America.

Haya (god)

Cult Place(s)
In the early periods Haya was mainly worshipped in southern Mesopotamia (Umma, Ur, and Ku'ara). His shrine in Ur may have been located in the Ekišnugal, temple of Nanna, the moon-god. There have been suggestions that Haya was also worshipped at Mari in northern Syria. However, Durand has argued on the basis of the Mari pantheon text that the spouse of Nidaba/Nissaba was in fact dSUMUQAN at Mari, pronounced Šahan, and that the god referred to as Haya at Mari must be a different divinity (Durand 2008: 251).
According to the text of the Neo-Assyrian "Götteradressbuch" (= GAB; Menzel 1981: II T146-166; George 1992: 167-184) Haya had a shrine in the temple of the god Aššur in Assur (Menzel 1981: II 64). Two fragmentary inscriptions from Nineveh mention the planned construction of a temple to Haya by the Neo-Assyrian king Sennacherib (r. 704-681 BCE), although it is not clear where this was going to be located, or whether it was built (Frahm 2002: 1122).

Time Periods Attested

The first attestation of this divine name in writing occurs at Fara (ancient Šuruppak, southern Iraq) in a "school tablet" from the 26th century BCE (SF 77 iv 15). The context is unclear. The god is most frequently attested in the Ur III period, when he had cults attested in Umma, Ur and Ku'ara.
In the Old Babylonian version of the lexical list Ur5-ra I, treating items made of wood, an item bearing his name (giš dha-ià) is listed in association with wooden instruments connected with scribal activity (Veldhuis 1997: 87). For some reason the word for "peacock" is also written using his name (dha-iàmušen) in an Old Babylonian text (Veldhuis 2004: 251-52).
The cult of dha-ià either falls out of use in Babylonia after the Old Babylonian period, if not before, or is not attested. It was revitalised during the Neo-Assyrian period when king Sennacherib (r. 704-681 BCE) planned to build him a temple according to a draught of a foundation document from his reign (Menzel 1981: I 79). He is still characterised as a scribal god. Presumably in this role he presides over a procession of the "gods of Subartu" at a festival in Assur (Menzel 1981: I 139, 243). He also participates in the New Year's Festival at Assur (Menzel 1981: I 79).
Lift up a signal in the land, Blow a trumpet among the nations! Consecrate the nations against her, Summon against her the kingdoms of Ararat, Minni and Ashkenaz; Appoint a marshal against her, Bring up the horses like bristly locusts. (Jer 51:27, NASB77)

Under Tigranes the Great

The army of the Kingdom of Armenia reached its peak under the reign of Tigranes the Great. According to the author of Judith, his army included chariots and 12,000 cavalrymen, most likely heavy cavalry or cataphracts, a unit also commonly used by Seleucids and Parthians. His army consisted mainly of 120,000 infantrymen and 12,000 mounted archers, also an important feature of the Parthian army. Like the Seleucids, the bulk of Tigranes' army were foot soldiers. The Jewish historian Josephus talks of 500,000 men in total, including camp followers. These followers consisted of camels, donkeys, and mules used for baggage, sheep, cattle, and goats for food, said to be stocked in abundance for each man, and hoards of gold and silver. As a result, the marching Armenian army was listed as "a huge, irregular force, too many to count, like locusts or the dust of the earth", not unlike many other enormous Eastern armies of the time. The smaller Cappadocian, Graeco-Phoenician, and Nabataean armies were generally no match for the sheer number of soldiers, with the organized Roman army with its legions eventually posing a much greater challenge to the Armenians.[10]
Note that the numbers given by Israelite historians of the time were probably exaggerated, considering the fact that the Hasmonean Jews lost the war against Tigranes.

Arpachshad

These are [the records of] the generations of Shem. Shem was one hundred years old, and became the father of Arpachshad two years after the flood;and Shem lived five hundred years after he became the father of Arpachshad, and he had [other] sons and daughters.And Arpachshad lived thirty-five years, and became the father of Shelah;and Arpachshad lived four hundred and three years after he became the father of Shelah, and he had [other] sons and daughters.And Shelah lived thirty years, and became the father of Eber;and Shelah lived four hundred and three years after he became the father of Eber, and he had [other] sons and daughters.And Eber lived thirty-four years, and became the father of Peleg;and Eber lived four hundred and thirty years after he became the father of Peleg, and he had [other] sons and daughters.And Peleg lived thirty years, and became the father of Reu;and Peleg lived two hundred and nine years after he became the father of Reu, and he had [other] sons and daughters.And Reu lived thirty-two years, and became the father of Serug;and Reu lived two hundred and seven years after he became the father of Serug, and he had [other] sons and daughters.And Serug lived thirty years, and became the father of Nahor;and Serug lived two hundred years after he became the father of Nahor, and he had [other] sons and daughters.And Nahor lived twenty-nine years, and became the father of Terah;and Nahor lived one hundred and nineteen years after he became the father of Terah, and he had [other] sons and daughters.And Terah lived seventy years, and became the father of Abram, Nahor and Haran.Now these are [the records of] the generations of Terah. Terah became the father of Abram, Nahor and Haran; and Haran became the father of Lot.And Haran died in the presence of his father Terah in the land of his birth, in Ur of the Chaldeans.And Abram and Nahor took wives for themselves. The name of Abram’s wife was Sarai; and the name of Nahor’s wife was Milcah, the daughter of Haran, the father of Milcah and Iscah.And Sarai was barren; she had no child.And Terah took Abram his son, and Lot the son of Haran, his grandson, and Sarai his daughter-in-law, his son Abram’s wife; and they went out together from Ur of the Chaldeans in order to enter the land of Canaan; and they went as far as Haran, and settled there.And the days of Terah were two hundred and five years; and Terah died in Haran. (Gen 11:10-32)
H3778
כַּשְׂדִּי

Kasdi or כַּשְׂדִּימָה

Kasdimah (505a); from H3777; a region of S. Bab. and its inhab.:–
NASB usage: Chaldea(7), Chaldeans(71), Chaldeans'(1), Chaldees(1).
Gen 11:28 And Haran died in the presence of his father Terah in the land of his birth, in Ur of the Chaldeans. NASB77
Gen 11:31 And Terah took Abram his son, and Lot the son of Haran, his grandson, and Sarai his daughter-in-law, his son Abram’s wife; and they went out together from Ur of the Chaldeans in order to enter the land of Canaan; and they went as far as Haran, and settled there. NASB77
Gen 15:7 And He said to him, “I am the LORD who brought you out of Ur of the Chaldeans, to give you this land to possess it.” NASB77
2Kgs 24:2 And the LORD sent against him bands of Chaldeans, bands of Arameans, bands of Moabites, and bands of Ammonites. So He sent them against Judah to destroy it, according to the word of the LORD, which He had spoken through His servants the prophets. NASB77
2Kgs 25:4 Then the city was broken into, and all the men of war [fled] by night by way of the gate between the two walls beside the king’s garden, though the Chaldeans were all around the city. And they went by way of the Arabah. NASB77
2Kgs 25:5 But the army of the Chaldeans pursued the king and overtook him in the plains of Jericho and all his army was scattered from him. NASB77
2Kgs 25:10 So all the army of the Chaldeans who [were with] the captain of the guard broke down the walls around Jerusalem. NASB77
2Kgs 25:13 Now the bronze pillars which were in the house of the LORD, and the stands and the bronze sea which were in the house of the LORD, the Chaldeans broke in pieces and carried the bronze to Babylon. NASB77
2Kgs 25:24 And Gedaliah swore to them and their men and said to them, “Do not be afraid of the servants of the Chaldeans; live in the land and serve the king of Babylon, and it will be well with you.” NASB77
2Kgs 25:25 But it came about in the seventh month, that Ishmael the son of Nethaniah, the son of Elishama, of the royal family, came with ten men and struck Gedaliah down so that he died along with the Jews and the Chaldeans who were with him at Mizpah. NASB77
2Kgs 25:26 Then all the people, both small and great, and the captains of the forces arose and went to Egypt; for they were afraid of the Chaldeans. NASB77
2Chr 36:17 Therefore He brought up against them the king of the Chaldeans who slew their young men with the sword in the house of their sanctuary, and had no compassion on young man or virgin, old man or infirm; He gave [them] all into his hand. NASB77
Neh 9:7 “Thou art the LORD God, Who chose Abram And brought him out from Ur of the Chaldees, And gave him the name Abraham. NASB77
Job 1:17 While he was still speaking, another also came and said, “The Chaldeans formed three bands and made a raid on the camels and took them and slew the servants with the edge of the sword; and I alone have escaped to tell you.” NASB77
Isa 13:19 And Babylon, the beauty of kingdoms, the glory of the Chaldeans’ pride, Will be as when God overthrew Sodom and Gomorrah. NASB77
Isa 23:13 Behold, the land of the Chaldeans–this is the people [which] was not; Assyria appointed it for desert creatures– they erected their siege towers, they stripped its palaces, they made it a ruin. NASB77
Isa 43:14 Thus says the LORD your Redeemer, the Holy One of Israel, “For your sake I have sent to Babylon, And will bring them all down as fugitives, Even the Chaldeans, into the ships in which they rejoice. NASB77
Isa 47:1 “Come down and sit in the dust, O virgin daughter of Babylon; Sit on the ground without a throne, O daughter of the Chaldeans. For you shall no longer be called tender and delicate. NASB77
Isa 47:5 “Sit silently, and go into darkness, O daughter of the Chaldeans; For you will no more be called The queen of kingdoms. NASB77
Isa 48:14 “Assemble, all of you, and listen! Who among them has declared these things? The LORD loves him; he shall carry out His good pleasure on Babylon, And His arm [shall be against] the Chaldeans. NASB77
Isa 48:20 Go forth from Babylon! Flee from the Chaldeans! Declare with the sound of joyful shouting, proclaim this, Send it out to the end of the earth; Say, “The LORD has redeemed His servant Jacob.” NASB77
Jer 21:4 ‘Thus says the LORD God of Israel, “Behold, I am about to turn back the weapons of war which are in your hands, with which you are warring against the king of Babylon and the Chaldeans who are besieging you outside the wall; and I shall gather them into the center of this city. NASB77
Jer 21:9 “He who dwells in this city will die by the sword and by famine and by pestilence; but he who goes out and falls away to the Chaldeans who are besieging you will live, and he will have his own life as booty. NASB77
Jer 22:25 and I shall give you over into the hand of those who are seeking your life, yes, into the hand of those whom you dread, even into the hand of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon, and into the hand of the Chaldeans. NASB77
Jer 24:5 “Thus says the LORD God of Israel, ‘Like these good figs, so I will regard as good the captives of Judah, whom I have sent out of this place [into] the land of the Chaldeans. NASB77
Jer 25:12 ‘Then it will be when seventy years are completed I will punish the king of Babylon and that nation,’ declares the LORD, ‘for their iniquity, and the land of the Chaldeans; and I will make it an everlasting desolation. NASB77
Jer 32:4 and Zedekiah king of Judah shall not escape out of the hand of the Chaldeans, but he shall surely be given into the hand of the king of Babylon, and he shall speak with him face to face, and see him eye to eye; NASB77
Jer 32:5 and he shall take Zedekiah to Babylon, and he shall be there until I visit him,” declares the LORD. “If you fight against the Chaldeans, you shall not succeed”’?” NASB77
Jer 32:24 ‘Behold, the siege mounds have reached the city to take it; and the city is given into the hand of the Chaldeans who fight against it, because of the sword, the famine, and the pestilence; and what Thou hast spoken has come to pass; and, behold, Thou seest [it.] NASB77
Jer 32:25 ‘And Thou hast said to me, O Lord GOD, “Buy for yourself the field with money, and call in witnesses”–although the city is given into the hand of the Chaldeans.’” NASB77
Jer 32:28 Therefore thus says the LORD, “Behold, I am about to give this city into the hand of the Chaldeans and into the hand of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon, and he shall take it. NASB77
Jer 32:29 “And the Chaldeans who are fighting against this city shall enter and set this city on fire and burn it, with the houses where [people] have offered incense to Baal on their roofs and poured out libations to other gods to provoke Me to anger. NASB77
Jer 32:43 ‘And fields shall be bought in this land of which you say, “It is a desolation, without man or beast; it is given into the hand of the Chaldeans.” NASB77
Jer 33:5 ‘While [they] are coming to fight with the Chaldeans, and to fill them with the corpses of men whom I have slain in My anger and in My wrath, and I have hidden My face from this city because of all their wickedness: NASB77
Jer 35:11 “But it came about, when Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came up against the land, that we said, ‘Come and let us go to Jerusalem before the army of the Chaldeans and before the army of the Arameans.’ So we have dwelt in Jerusalem.” NASB77
Jer 37:5 Meanwhile, Pharaoh’s army had set out from Egypt; and when the Chaldeans who had been besieging Jerusalem heard the report about them, they lifted the [siege] from Jerusalem. NASB77
Jer 37:8 “The Chaldeans will also return and fight against this city, and they will capture it and burn it with fire.”’ NASB77
Jer 37:9 “Thus says the LORD, ‘Do not deceive yourselves, saying, “The Chaldeans will surely go away from us,” for they will not go. NASB77
Jer 37:10 ‘For even if you had defeated the entire army of Chaldeans who were fighting against you, and there were [only] wounded men left among them, each man in his tent, they would rise up and burn this city with fire.’” NASB77
Jer 37:11 Now it happened, when the army of the Chaldeans had lifted [the siege] from Jerusalem because of Pharaoh’s army, NASB77
Jer 37:13 While he was at the Gate of Benjamin, a captain of the guard whose name was Irijah, the son of Shelemiah the son of Hananiah was there; and he arrested Jeremiah the prophet, saying, “You are going over to the Chaldeans!” NASB77
Jer 37:14 But Jeremiah said, “A lie! I am not going over to the Chaldeans”; yet he would not listen to him. So Irijah arrested Jeremiah and brought him to the officials. NASB77
Jer 38:2 “Thus says the LORD, ‘He who stays in this city will die by the sword and by famine and by pestilence, but he who goes out to the Chaldeans will live and have his [own] life as booty and stay alive.’ NASB77
Jer 38:18 ‘But if you will not go out to the officers of the king of Babylon, then this city will be given over to the hand of the Chaldeans; and they will burn it with fire, and you yourself will not escape from their hand.’” NASB77
Jer 38:19 Then King Zedekiah said to Jeremiah, “I dread the Jews who have gone over to the Chaldeans, lest they give me over into their hand and they abuse me.” NASB77
Jer 38:23 ‘They will also bring out all your wives and your sons to the Chaldeans, and you yourself will not escape from their hand, but will be seized by the hand of the king of Babylon, and this city will be burned with fire.’” NASB77
Jer 39:5 But the army of the Chaldeans pursued them and overtook Zedekiah in the plains of Jericho; and they seized him and brought him up to Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon at Riblah in the land of Hamath, and he passed sentence on him. NASB77
Jer 39:8 The Chaldeans also burned with fire the king’s palace and the houses of the people, and they broke down the walls of Jerusalem. NASB77
Jer 40:9 Then Gedaliah the son of Ahikam, the son of Shaphan, swore to them and to their men, saying, “Do not be afraid of serving the Chaldeans; stay in the land and serve the king of Babylon, that it may go well with you. NASB77
Jer 40:10 “Now as for me, behold, I am going to stay at Mizpah to stand [for you] before the Chaldeans who come to us; but as for you, gather in wine and summer fruit and oil, and put [them] in your [storage] vessels, and live in your cities that you have taken over.” NASB77
Jer 41:3 Ishmael also struck down all the Jews who were with him, [that is] with Gedaliah at Mizpah, and the Chaldeans who were found there, the men of war. NASB77
Jer 41:18 because of the Chaldeans; for they were afraid of them, since Ishmael the son of Nethaniah had struck down Gedaliah the son of Ahikam, whom the king of Babylon had appointed over the land. NASB77
Jer 43:3 but Baruch the son of Neriah is inciting you against us to give us over into the hand of the Chaldeans, so they may put us to death or exile us to Babylon.” NASB77
Jer 50:1 The word which the LORD spoke concerning Babylon, the land of the Chaldeans, through Jeremiah the prophet: NASB77
Jer 50:8 “Wander away from the midst of Babylon, And go forth from the land of the Chaldeans; Be also like male goats at the head of the flock. NASB77
Jer 50:10 “And Chaldea will become plunder; All who plunder her will have enough,” declares the LORD. NASB77
Jer 50:25 The LORD has opened His armory And has brought forth the weapons of His indignation, For it is a work of the Lord GOD of hosts In the land of the Chaldeans. NASB77
Jer 50:35 “A sword against the Chaldeans,” declares the LORD, “And against the inhabitants of Babylon, And against her officials and her wise men! NASB77
Jer 50:45 Therefore hear the plan of the LORD which He has planned against Babylon, and His purposes which He has purposed against the land of the Chaldeans: surely they will drag them off, [even] the little ones of the flock; surely He will make their pasture desolate because of them. NASB77
Jer 51:4 “And they will fall down slain in the land of the Chaldeans, And pierced through in their streets.” NASB77
Jer 51:24 “But I will repay Babylon and all the inhabitants of Chaldea for all their evil that they have done in Zion before your eyes,” declares the LORD. NASB77
Jer 51:35 “May the violence [done] to me and to my flesh be upon Babylon,” The inhabitant of Zion will say; And, “May my blood be upon the inhabitants of Chaldea,” Jerusalem will say. NASB77
Jer 51:54 The sound of an outcry from Babylon, And of great destruction from the land of the Chaldeans! NASB77
Jer 52:7 Then the city was broken into, and all the men of war fled and went forth from the city at night by way of the gate between the two walls which [was] by the king’s garden, though the Chaldeans were all around the city. And they went by way of the Arabah. NASB77
Jer 52:8 But the army of the Chaldeans pursued the king and overtook Zedekiah in the plains of Jericho, and all his army was scattered from him. NASB77
Jer 52:14 So all the army of the Chaldeans who [were] with the captain of the guard broke down all the walls around Jerusalem. NASB77
Jer 52:17 Now the bronze pillars which belonged to the house of the LORD and the stands and the bronze sea, which were in the house of the LORD, the Chaldeans broke in pieces and carried all their bronze to Babylon. NASB77
Ezek 1:3 the word of the LORD came expressly to Ezekiel the priest, son of Buzi, in the land of the Chaldeans by the river Chebar; and there the hand of the LORD came upon him.) NASB77
Ezek 11:24 And the Spirit lifted me up and brought me in a vision by the Spirit of God to the exiles in Chaldea. So the vision that I had seen left me. NASB77
Ezek 12:13 “I shall also spread My net over him, and he will be caught in My snare. And I shall bring him to Babylon in the land of the Chaldeans; yet he will not see it, though he will die there. NASB77
Ezek 16:29 “You also multiplied your harlotry with the land of merchants, Chaldea, yet even with this you were not satisfied.”’” NASB77
Ezek 23:14 “So she increased her harlotries. And she saw men portrayed on the wall, images of the Chaldeans portrayed with vermilion, NASB77
Ezek 23:15 girded with belts on their loins, with flowing turbans on their heads, all of them looking like officers, like the Babylonians [in] Chaldea, the land of their birth. NASB77
Ezek 23:16 “And when she saw them she lusted after them and sent messengers to them in Chaldea. NASB77
Ezek 23:23 the Babylonians and all the Chaldeans, Pekod and Shoa and Koa, [and] all the Assyrians with them; desirable young men, governors and officials all of them, officers and men of renown, all of them riding on horses. NASB77
Dan 1:4 youths in whom was no defect, who were good-looking, showing intelligence in every [branch of] wisdom, endowed with understanding, and discerning knowledge, and who had ability for serving in the king’s court; and [he ordered him] to teach them the literature and language of the Chaldeans. NASB77
Dan 2:2 Then the king gave orders to call in the magicians, the conjurers, the sorcerers and the Chaldeans, to tell the king his dreams. So they came in and stood before the king. NASB77
Dan 2:4 Then the Chaldeans spoke to the king in Aramaic: “O king, live forever! Tell the dream to your servants, and we will declare the interpretation.” NASB77
Dan 9:1 In the first year of Darius the son of Ahasuerus, of Median descent, who was made king over the kingdom of the Chaldeans– NASB77
Hab 1:6 “For behold, I am raising up the Chaldeans, That fierce and impetuous people Who march throughout the earth To seize dwelling places which are not theirs. NASB77

H3779 כַּשְׂדַּי Kasday (kas-dah'-ee) n-m.

1. a Chaldean or inhabitant of Chaldea.
2. (by implication) a Magian Chaldean or professional astrologer.
[(Aramaic) corresponding to H3778]
KJV: Chaldean.
Root(s): H3778
Jer 52:8 But the army of the Chaldeans pursued the king and overtook Zedekiah in the plains of Jericho, and all his army was scattered from him. NASB77
Jer 52:14 So all the army of the Chaldeans who [were] with the captain of the guard broke down all the walls around Jerusalem. NASB77
Jer 52:17 Now the bronze pillars which belonged to the house of the LORD and the stands and the bronze sea, which were in the house of the LORD, the Chaldeans broke in pieces and carried all their bronze to Babylon. NASB77
Ezek 1:3 the word of the LORD came expressly to Ezekiel the priest, son of Buzi, in the land of the Chaldeans by the river Chebar; and there the hand of the LORD came upon him.) NASB77
Ezek 12:13 “I shall also spread My net over him, and he will be caught in My snare. And I shall bring him to Babylon in the land of the Chaldeans; yet he will not see it, though he will die there. NASB77
Ezek 23:14 “So she increased her harlotries. And she saw men portrayed on the wall, images of the Chaldeans portrayed with vermilion, NASB77
Ezek 23:23 the Babylonians and all the Chaldeans, Pekod and Shoa and Koa, [and] all the Assyrians with them; desirable young men, governors and officials all of them, officers and men of renown, all of them riding on horses. NASB77
Dan 1:4 youths in whom was no defect, who were good-looking, showing intelligence in every [branch of] wisdom, endowed with understanding, and discerning knowledge, and who had ability for serving in the king’s court; and [he ordered him] to teach them the literature and language of the Chaldeans. NASB77
Dan 2:2 Then the king gave orders to call in the magicians, the conjurers, the sorcerers and the Chaldeans, to tell the king his dreams. So they came in and stood before the king. NASB77
Dan 2:4 Then the Chaldeans spoke to the king in Aramaic: “O king, live forever! Tell the dream to your servants, and we will declare the interpretation.” NASB77
Dan 2:5 The king answered and said to the Chaldeans, “The command from me is firm: if you do not make known to me the dream and its interpretation, you will be torn limb from limb, and your houses will be made a rubbish heap. NASB77
Dan 2:10 The Chaldeans answered the king and said, “There is not a man on earth who could declare the matter for the king, inasmuch as no great king or ruler has [ever] asked anything like this of any magician, conjurer or Chaldean. NASB77
Dan 3:8 For this reason at that time certain Chaldeans came forward and brought charges against the Jews. NASB77
Dan 4:7 “Then the magicians, the conjurers, the Chaldeans, and the diviners came in, and I related the dream to them; but they could not make its interpretation known to me. NASB77
Dan 5:7 The king called aloud to bring in the conjurers, the Chaldeans and the diviners. The king spoke and said to the wise men of Babylon, “Any man who can read this inscription and explain its interpretation to me will be clothed with purple, and [have] a necklace of gold around his neck, and have authority as third [ruler] in the kingdom.” NASB77
Dan 5:11 “There is a man in your kingdom in whom is a spirit of the holy gods; and in the days of your father, illumination, insight, and wisdom like the wisdom of the gods were found in him. And King Nebuchadnezzar, your father, your father the king, appointed him chief of the magicians, conjurers, Chaldeans, [and] diviners. NASB77
Dan 5:30 That same night Belshazzar the Chaldean king was slain. NASB77

ARPHAXAD - JewishEncyclopedia.com

jewishencyclopedia.comAccording to Gen. x. 22, 24; xi. 10-13; and I Chron. i. 17, 18, the third son of Shem. Bochart's identification ("Phaleg," ii. 4) of this name with the Arrapachitis of the Greeks, an Armenian region, north of Assyria, adjacent to the Great or Upper Zab river, has long prevailed. The Arrapachitis, however, did not belong to the Semitic world; and it would be difficult to account for the element "-shad" (very improbably explained as an Armenian element, "-shat," by Lagarde, "Sym." i. 54). Still more improbable is the Kurdish Albag. Delitzsch's ("Paradies," 256) explanation from the Assyrian "arba-kishshati" (the four quarters of the world), has not been confirmed. More recently, the view of Michaelis, anticipated by Josephus ("Ant." i. 6, § 4), that Arpakshad contains the name of the Kasdim or Chaldeans, has become predominant. The explanations of Gesenius, etc., "boundary ["Arp"] of Chaldea" (Keshad); of Cheyne, "Arpakh" and "keshad," written together by mistake ("Expositor," 1897, p. 145), etc., are now superseded by the observation of Hommel ("Ancient Hebrew Traditions," 294) that Arpakshad is the same as "Ur of the Chaldeans" (Ur-kasdim). Both names agree in the consonants except one, and also in meaning, as Arpakshad is the father of Shelah, grandfather of Eber and ancestor of Terah, Nahor, and Abraham, who came from Ur (Gen. xi. 12). The inserted "p" of Arpakshad has so far not been explained—Hommel has recourse even to Egyptian—but it is doubtless due to some graphic error. (see Ur.). In Judith i. 1, etc., Arphaxad, a king of the Medians in Ecbatana, is mentioned, conquered by Nebuchadnezzar II. of Assyria and put to death. The name has clearly been borrowed from Gen. x. by the writer.
J. Jr. W. M. M.
jewishencyclopedia.com

Erebuni Fortress

Wikipedia · by ErebuniErebuni Fortress (Armenian: Էրեբունի), also known as Arin Berd (Armenian: Արին Բերդ; meaning the "Fortress of Blood"), is an Urartian fortified city, located in Yerevan, Armenia. It is 1,017 metres (3,337 ft) above sea level.[1] It was one of several fortresses built along the northern Urartian border and was one of the most important political, economic and cultural centers of the vast kingdom. The name Yerevan itself is derived from Erebuni.[2]

Etymology

On an inscription found at Karmir Blur, the verb erebu-ni is used in the sense of "to seize, pillage, steal, or kidnap" followed by a changing direct object. Scholars have conjectured that the word, as an unchanging direct object, may also mean "to take" or "to capture" and thus believe that the Erebuni at the time of its founding meant "capture", "conquest", or "victory."[3]
The Circassian historian Amjad Jaimoukha gives an alternative etymology,[4] however: eri (referring to the Èrs, the people living in the area) + buni. Buni comes from the Nakh root which spawned the Chechen word bun meaning shelter or cabin; the root however simply means lair or shelter. With its Indo-European roots "bun" initially derives from the Armenian word buyn (բույն) for "birds nest" or "lair". From Proto-Indo-European *bʰeuH-no-, from *bʰeuH- (“to be; to grow”). Cognates include Sanskrit भुवन (bhúvana, "world"), Albanian bun ("shepherd's hut") and Middle Persian بن bun ("bottom"). It may have spawned the word van in Armenian (a language with a strong Urartian substratum), albeit possibly through different roots (Urartian biani rather than Èr buni) which similarly means shelter. Interpreted in that way, the fortress would be the capital city of the Èr people. Van as a root is also present in numerous other placenames in historical Armenia, including the city Van, Lake Sevan, and Nakhichevan, so it is probable that the van in Yerevan is another direct translation of the root. Jaimoukha states furthermore that the name of the Èr also serves as the root for the Arax valley (the Erashki gorge) and for the Medieval Georgian name used in the Georgian Chronicles for Lake Sevan- "Lake Ereta".

History


Modern reproductions of the ancient wall-paintings at Erebuni Fortress.
Erebuni was founded by Urartian King Argishti I (r. ca. 785–753 BC) in 782 BC.[5] It was built on top of a hill called Arin Berd overlooking the Arax River Valley to serve as a military stronghold to protect the kingdom's northern borders.[6] It has been described as being "designed as a great administrative and religious centre, a fully royal capital."[7] According to Margarit Israelyan, Argishti began the construction of Erebuni after conquering the territories north of Yerevan and west of Lake Sevan, roughly corresponding to where the town of Abovyan is currently located. Accordingly, the prisoners he captured in these campaigns, both men and women, were used to help build his town.[8]
In the autumn of 1950, an archaeological expedition led by Konstantine Hovhannisyan discovered an inscription at Arin Berd dedicated to the city's founding which was carved during Argishti's reign. Two other identical inscriptions have been found at the citadel of Erebuni. The inscription reads:
By the greatness of the God Khaldi, Argishti, son of Menua, built this mighty stronghold and proclaimed it Erebuni for the glory of Biainili (Urartu) and to instill fear among the king's enemies. Argishti says: The land was a desert, before the great works I accomplished upon it. By the greatness of Khaldi, Argishti, son of Menua, is a mighty king, king of Biainili, and ruler of Tushpa."[9]
Argishti left a similar inscription at the Urartian capital of Tushpa (current-day Van) as well, stating that he brought 6,600 prisoners of war from Khate and Tsupani to populate his new city.[10] Similar to other Urartian cities of the time, it was built on a triangular plan on top of a hill and ensconced by 10-to-12-metre (33 to 39 ft) high ramparts. Behind them, the buildings were separated by central and inner walls. The walls were built from a variety of materials, including basalt, tuff, wood and adobe.[10] Argishti constructed a grand palace here and excavations conducted in the area have revealed that other notable buildings included a colonnaded royal assembly hall, a temple dedicated to Khaldi, a citadel, where the garrison resided, living quarters, dormitories and storerooms.[11] The inner walls were richly decorated with murals and other wall paintings, displaying religious and secular scenes.[12]
Successive Urartian kings made Erebuni their place of residence during their military campaigns against northern invaders and continued construction work to build up the fortress defences.[13] Kings Sarduri II and Rusa I also utilized Erebuni as a staging site for new campaigns of conquest directed towards the north.[14] In the early sixth century the Urartian state, under constant foreign invasion, collapsed.
The region soon fell under the control of the Achaemenian Empire. The strategic position that Erebuni occupied did not diminish, however, becoming an important center of the satrapy of Armenia.[10][15]
Despite numerous invasions by successive foreign powers, the city was never truly abandoned and was continually inhabited over the following centuries, eventually branching out to become the city of Yerevan.[14][16] Erebuni's close affinity to Yerevan was celebrated in a splendid festival held in September 1968, commemorating Erebuni's 2,750th birthday.[10]

Armenian Genetics - DNA of Armenia's people

khazaria.com

Armenian Genetics: Abstracts and Summaries

Family Tree DNA: Genetic Testing Service
DNA testing will show your connections with other families and ethnic groups. The database includes not only Armenians but also other Caucasian peoples (Azeris, Laks, Georgians, Jews, etc.) and members of many other ethnic groups. Once you've submitted your DNA sample, you'll be eligible to join the "Armenian DNA Project" if you're an Armenian either paternally or maternally. There are several hundred Armenians in the project.

The Armenian people traditionally lived not only on the territory of the modern nation of Armenia but also in eastern Turkey. Their language is part of the great Indo-European family of languages but is written in a script that's unique to the Armenians. There are western and eastern dialects of the language.
Armenian men's most common Y-DNA (paternal) haplogroup is R1b, found in about 28 percent of those studied. J2 is the next most common at a frequency of 22 percent. Other haplogroups found among them, in descending order of frequencies, include G (11%), J1 (11%), R1a (8%), T (6%), E (5%), I (4%), L (4%), N (2%), and others (1%).
Some members of the "Armenian DNA Project" are part of the branch of R1b known as R1b1a2a* (L23+). A smaller number in the project are located in the branch called R1b1a2* (L265+). These branches are distinguishable from the R1b branches of Europe. That's why Armenians don't belong to the European branches of R1b called U106 and P312.
J1 is common in the Near East. In the "Armenian DNA Project" there are members of the haplogroup branches J1*, J1c3d, and J1c3d1. J2 haplogroups found among Armenians include J2a*, J2a3, J2a4, J2a4a, J2a4b, J2a4b1, J2a4d, J2a4h2, J2a4h2a, J2a4h2f, J2a4h2g, J2b*, and J2b1.
Within E, the haplogroup E1b1b1 was found among members of the "Armenian DNA Project". They belong to branches called V12, V13, V22, and M84/M34.
Within L, Armenians in the project belong to the branches named L2* and L2a. These are found in the Middle East and Mediterranean regions and distinguishable from the common L haplogroups of India and Pakistan.
Armenian men in the project have such G subhaplogroups as G2a3a* (their most frequent G subhaplogroup as of November 26, 2011), G2a* (their second-most frequent G subhaplogroup as of November 26, 2011), G1a, G2a3a1*, G2a3a2*, G2a3b1a*, G2a3b1a1*, and a smattering of others.
F3 is a haplogroup within F that's very infrequently found among Armenian men. Armenians in the project belong to the branches called P96 and M282.
In terms of mtDNA (maternal DNA) haplogroups, Armenians belong to such haplogroups as U, V, F1b1, and R.
See Also:

Armenia, DNA and Ethnicity

originhunters.blogspot.com · by Michael R. Maglio · April 21, 2018
Queen of Babylon

Addagoppe of Harran

From Wikipedia
Addagoppe of Harran /ˈædəˌɡɒpi/, also known as Adad-guppi, was an Assyrian priestess, a devotee of the moon god Sîn in the northern Assyrian city of Harran, and the mother of King Nabonidus (ruled 556–39 BC) of theNeo-Babylonian Empire.[1]
Discovery
Historians have discovered two copies of what appears to be an autobiography of Addagoppe. The first copy, discovered by H. Pognon in 1906, was written on a broken stele excavated at Harran. The second copy, uncovered fifty years later by D.S. Rice, was written on the pavement steps of the northern entrance to the Great Mosque at Harran.[2]
Content
The autobiography starts out with a first-person account by Addagoppe herself and ends with an description of her burial. Because Addagoppe was buried with the honors of a queen, some scholars have suggested that she acted as a regent for Nabonidus when he abandoned Babylon and moved to the oasis of Teima starting in 552.[3] However, this theory is difficult to reconcile with the chronology Addagoppe presents in her autobiography. She mentions that she was born in the twentieth year of Assyrian King Assurbanipal (about 648 B.C.), and that she cared for the sanctuaries of the moon god Sîn for 95 years. She also mentions that she lived to see her sonNabonidus made king over Babylon, which took place in 556 B.C., making her approximately 92 years old at his coronation, and 96 years old at his departure to Teima.
Addagoppe credited Nabonidus' call to kingship to the moon god Sîn, and her autobiography contains a prayer of praise and thanksgiving to . In response to this prayer, Addagoppe apparently received a prophecy from Sîn in a dream regarding future actions of her son as king:
Through you I will bring about the return of the gods (to) the dwelling in Harran, by means of Nabonidus your son. He will construct Ehulhul; he will complete its work. He will complete the city Harran greater than it was before and restore it. He will bring Sîn, Ningal, Nusku, and Sadarnunna in procession back into the Ehulhul.[4]
Interestingly, other sources reveal that Nabonidus did indeed pay homage to Sîn during his reign as king of Babylon. He gave special attention to the temples of Sîn in Harran and Ur, and even turned the temple of Marduk inBabylon into a sanctuary for Sîn.[5]
References
Jump up^ Van De Mieroop, Marc (2007). A History of the Ancient Near East. Malden, MA: Blackwell. pp. 278–80. ISBN 978-1-4051-4910-5.
    1. Jump up^ Hallo, William W. (2003). The Context of Scripture: Canonical Compositions, Monumental Inscriptions, and Archival Documents from the Biblical World. Boston: Brill Leiden. p. 477. ISBN 9004135677.
    2. Jump up^ Jackson, Guida M. (1999). Women Rulers throughout the Ages. ABC Clio, Inc. p. 3.
    3. Jump up^ Longman, Tremper (1991). Fictional Akkadian Autobiography. Winona Lake: Eisenbrauns. pp. 225–28. ISBN 0931464412.
    4. Jump up^ Van De Mieroop, 2007, p. 280.

Inscription Adad-Guppi

from indonesian Wikipedia, free encyclopedia
clip_image001[4]
Nabonidus Harran inscription, now in the Archaeological Museum Şanlıurfa, TurkeySoutheast
Adad-Guppi inscriptions (also called "inscriptions Nabonidus Harran"; "Nabonidus No. 24 '';" nabon H 1, B "; English : Adad-Guppi 'stele, Nabonidus Harran Stele) is an inscription from the time of imperial Babylon newly created by king Nabonidus for his mother, the daughter of Adad-Guppi ( English : Adad-Guppi, also spelled Addagoppe or Adda-Guppi; German : Adad-Happe), who died in the 9th year of his reign (April 17, 546 BC ). Adad-Guppi is a priestess in the temple of the god Sin (the moon god of Babylon). [1] At that time Daniel was still alive in the palace of Babylon. [2] It consists of four panels inksripsi grave [3] the possibility of ever hung on the gate of the temple Babylonian moon god, Sin. [2] the inscription includes among others a list of the kings of Assyria and Babylon, including Nebuchadnezzar II , except Labashi-Marduk, who only ruled for less than a year at Babel. [3]
History of discovery
In August-September 1956 Dr. D. S Rice was doing research in the ancient city of Harran. While investigating the ruins of a medieval mosque, he found something important, that some Babylonian inscription is dated to the 6th century BC. Stone inscription was placed upside down and used the stairs to the door of the north, east and west mosque. The fourth part, it was found earlier near Harran in 1906 by H. Pognon. [2]
Section
The inscription is composed of four parts panel, coded as follows: [2]
  • "H1.A - stele" was found by H. Pognon and is believed to be originally a missing section on the south entrance of the mosque.
  • "H1.B - stele" was found at the north entrance of the mosque.
  • "H2.A - stele" was found on the east entrance of the mosque.
  • "H2.B - stele" was found on the west entrance of the mosque.
clip_image002[4]
Details epitome of the Moon, the Sun and Venus (from right to left) on the top panel H2.A. Archaeological Museum Şanlıurfa,Turkey Southeast.
Pemerian
Panels inscription was approximately 2 meters high, 1 meter wide and 20 cm thick. H2.A & H2.B have separate upper semicircular with a width of 93 cm and 68 cm high. The top was carved king carrying the scepter, the statement divinity, while worshiping three gods, symbolized by the image of the Moon, the Sun and Venus. Month symbolized as a full circle crescent shape at the bottom, center of the Sun with a circle containing internal patterns culminate four, Venus with a seven-pointed star in the middle. Each representing the god Sin, Shamash, and Ishtar.
Text
Loading cuneiform cuneiform carved on stone. Tells the life history Adda-Guppi daughter, daughter Ashurbanipal II, the great king of Assyria last (669-626 BC) and the queen Ashursharrat. [4]
H2 A & B is the inscription that was concocted as possible with a clerk by the king Nabonidus. It is important to note that both A and B inscription appears to be a copy of the same information.
H1 and H2 B A & B mostly unreadable except at the corner of 3rd column illegible.
H1.B
Column 1
1. I am the daughter Adda-Guppi 'mother
2. Nabium-na'id ( Nabonidus ), king of Babylon ,
3. priestess of the gods Sin, Nin-gal, Nusku, and Sadarnunna, my gods
5. who, since childhood, has been looking for
6. the gods. While in the 16th year of Nabopolassar ,
7. The king of Babylon, Sin, king of the gods, with his city
8. and the temple, was angry and went into the sky - the city and
9. population in which to rubble
...
29. From the 20th year Ashurbanipal, king of Assyria, I was born
30. until the 42nd Ashurbanipal, 3rd year Asur-etillu-ili,
31. his son, in all 21 Nabopolassar , the 43rd Nebukadrezar ,
32. 2nd year Awel-Marduk , the 4th year Neriglissar ,
33. in 95 years of the god Sin, king of the gods of heaven and earth,
34. I'm looking ne of his great temple,
35. (For) my good deeds he looked at me with a smile
36. he hears my prayers, he granted my words, anger
37. heart became quiet. Against E-hul-hul the temple (god) Sin
38. who was in Harran, his favorite residence, he was at peace, he
39. considers. Sin, king of the gods, looked at me and
40. Nabu-na'id son (me), fruit of my womb, to the throne of the king
41. he called, and the kingdom of Sumer and Akkad
42. from the Egyptian border (in) above sea to sea under
43. all the land he entrusted since then
44. at hand. Second hand I angkap and to Sin, king of the gods,
45. with respect to the application [(I pray) that, "Nabu-na'id
46. ​​son (me), descendants of my womb, his mother's favorite,]
(end column) [2]
Column 2
...
26. From the time of Ashurbanipal, king of Assyria, until the 9th year
27. Nabu-na'id king of Babylon, the son, the offspring of my womb
28. 104 years of happiness, with honor by Sin, king of the gods,
29. placed me, he made me prosperous, I own: my second sight
30. Clearly, I understand well, healthy hands and my feet,
31. chosen my words, meat and beverages
32. fit me, my flesh is nice, happy heart.
...
40. do not suffer, (but) let him worship the great god. In 21 years
41. Nabopolassar, king of Babylon, in 43 years Nebukadrezar ,
42. Nabopolassar's son, and 4-year Neriglissar , king of Babylon,
43. (when) they shall hold office king for 68 years
44. with all my heart I respect them, I keep them,
45. Nabu-na'id son (me), descendants of my womb, before Nebukadrezar
46. ​​The son of Nabopolassar and (before) Neriglissar, king of Babylon, I caused it to stand,
47. noon and night he keep them
48. what is pleasing to them he did it constantly,
49. my name he created (being) the favorite in front of them, (and) as
50. [a daughter] their [own] they raised my head
(end column) [2]
Column 3
The original transcript 1-19 lines of inscription written copy, made ​​by B. Landsberger. [2]
1. I maintain (their spirits), and the offering of incense
2. rich, with a fragrant smell,
3. I sacrifice to them constantly and
4. lay before them.
5. (Now) in the 9th year of Nabu-na'id,
6. king of Babylon, fate
7. itself took it away, and
... [2]
Calculation of time
In this inscription obtained information that supports the preparation of the chronology of the ancient Assyrians and Babylonians were already there.
  • Adad-Guppi live for 104 years, so she witnessed the turn of the throne of a king of Assyria and Babylon, until Nabonidus , the last Babylonian king.
  • He was born in the 20th year of reign of Ashurbanipal , his father, the king of Assyria , which is in 650/649 BC.
  • Adad-Guppi died in the 9th year of reign of his son, Nabonidus, namely in the year 546 BC.
  • In one inscription panel noted that there was a lunar eclipse in the 5th year of the reign of Babylon, Nabopolassar . [5]
  • In the 16th year of Nabopolassar, he destroyed the city of Harran.
See also
References [ edit | edit source ]
    1. ^ Jackson, Guida, M. (1999). Women Rulers throughout the Ages. ABC Clio, Inc.
    2. ^ A b c d e f g h Ancient Harran
    3. ^ A b 607 vs . 587 BCE 1914 concerning the doctrine of Jehovah's Witnesses. ( "607 vs 587 of the doctrine of Jehovah's Witnesses 1914")
    4. ^ Princess Adad-Guppi by Leah Enkidu
    5. ^ Basic Bible Chronology
Father and Mother
Ashursharrat of King of Assyria
Ashursharrat of King of Assyria was born at birth place, to King Esarhaddon of Assyria and Eshurhemet of Assyria.
King was born on 723BC, in Assyria.
Eshurhemet was born in Assyria.
Ashursharrat married Assurbanipal II IV Kandalu or Asnappeer "The God Ashur has made a son" King of Assyria at marriage place.
Assurbanipal was born on 685 BC, in Nineveh, Assyria, now Mosul, Iraq.
They had one daughter: Adadguppi Harran.
Ashursharrat passed away at death place.
Ashursharrat 'Queen' of Assyria
Ashursharrat 'Queen' of Assyria was born on date, at birth place.
Ashursharrat married Assurbanipal II 'King' 'the God Ashur has made a son' of Assyria.
Assurbanipal was born on 685 BC, in Al Mawsil, Ninawa, Iraq.
They had one daughter: Adad Guppi Queen Mother Babylon (born Harran).
Ashursharrat passed away on date, at death place.

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